What is Artificial Intelligence (AI) and What are its Applications in Modern World? - Doctor Tech


16 June 2018

What is Artificial Intelligence (AI) and What are its Applications in Modern World?

Artificial Intelligence, well know as AI is the most talked about and searched topic on the Internet nowadays. In fact, the curiosity of knowing or you may say the buzz about AI is so much that it has become a hot favorite term among the millennials.

Daily somewhere or other you might have come across this keyword. Either in a newspaper article, News channel headlines, a tech magazine or a blog post like this, you witness this term which makes you wonder more about it.

The very first thought that may come to a layman's mind on hearing this term is that AI is something to do with intelligence that is not naturally occurring but is artificially created or embedded through something in something.

Artificial Intelligence and Its Applications in Modern World
Artificial Intelligence

Well, that is what actually the basic behind Artificial Intelligence is. "Something that is not present but still somehow present".

Okay. I can sense your curiosity and eagerness to know what exactly AI is and without further ado lets just find out "What is Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Why it is the future of Technology?"

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the emulation of human intelligence achieved through pre-defined algorithms by electronic machines designed by humans. In layman terms, AI is a branch of computer science that is determined in making intelligent machines that work and think like humans.

We may say, "Artificial Intelligence is the Human Intelligence possessed by Machines".

What actually these AI-powered computer machines imitate from human intelligence processes?

The answer to that is Learning, Speech Recognition, Planning, Reasoning, Self-Correction, Perception, Knowledge, and Problem-Solving. These are all the activities that AI is programmed to imitate or learn.

According to Wikipedia, Artificial intelligence (AI, also machine intelligence, MI) is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence (NI) displayed by humans and other animals. In computer science, AI research is defined as the study of "intelligent agents": any device that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chance of successfully achieving its goals.

When did term Artificial Intelligence come into existence?

John McCarthy, an American computer scientist, first devised the term AI,  in 1956 at The Dartmouth Conference, which is his birthplace as well. 

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Artificial Intelligence has gained the interest of millennials in recent times for its functionality and wide scope in the field of Robotics and its automation.

AI is capable of analyzing and processing huge chunks of data, usually called Big Data at astonishingly high speeds that a human mind is not capable of. Businesses nowadays are shelling out a large number of resources whether financial or human to develop AI for their business in order to collect and analyze customer's data accurately and at high frequencies.

AI can find patterns in huge chunks of data and provide meaningful insights from the collected data, unlike humans.

What comprises AI?

Initiating common sense, problem-solving and reasoning power in machines is a tedious task.

Artificial intelligence is a science and technology based on branches such as Biology, Computer Science, Linguistics, Psychology, Mathematics, and Engineering.

Knowledge Engineering is a fundamental part of AI development. In order to make machines think act and react like humans, they need to be fed with immense information of the worldly things. For instance, What a particular thing or object is? What is it used for? What are its benefits? What is its relationship with the user? etc. AI needs to understand all these minute details in order to be effective and accurate.

Then comes the Machine Learning. It is an integral as well as the most important part of AI. Machine Learning can be defined as the learning without supervision that is achieved by building the ability of a machine to identify patterns in the raw data, classifying the category of data and numerical regressions of data in order to determine the numerical output of a result.

Robotics is another important aspect of AI. It includes handling intelligence rich tasks such as navigation, motion planning, mapping and object manipulation.

Types of Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence is broadly classified into two categories namely; Weak AI and Strong AI.

Talking about Weak AI, also known as Narrow AI at times is a system that is programmed and trained to accomplish particular tasks. For Example; Google Assistant or Apple Siri or Amazon Alexa are all products of Weak AI.

On the other hand, Strong AI a.k.a. Artificial General Intelligence is designed on the working model of generalized human cognitive abilities i.e. the approach a human takes to solve a particular problem. A machine equipped with strong AI is capable enough to handle any unfamiliar task thrown at it and find a meaningful solution to it.

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To test if a machine can actually think and act like a human, Turing Test was designed by mathematician Alan Turing.

Applications of Artificial Intelligence

Once a machine or a robot starts thinking and acting like a human, there is almost no such thing left that an AI-powered machine cannot do. Currently, the applications of AI are restricted to certain areas where humans have managed to figure out how to make good use of AI.

The following applications are;

1. Automobiles: AI is being aggressively used and integrated into the modern day Automobiles. And the best applications of AI can be witnessed in Tesla Electric Cars or any other self-driving cars.

2. Education: AI is capable of grading the students according to their performance and also understand the need of students. AI is making education more accessible and fun task.

3. Business: AI is being integrated into the work processes where a repetitive task is performed by humans. AI is also being used in the analytics and CRM department of the firms to get a clearer picture of there customers.

4. Finance: AI is being used in the finance industry as well, to learn the spending, saving and investing activities of the customers and then providing a healthy financial advice.

5. Healthcare: In order to provide better and faster diagnosis of the patients, companies are making use of AI to do this. One such example is IBM Watson.

6. Gaming: AI plays a crucial role in running strategic games like chess and poker. AI learns the pattern and provides better outcomes thereafter.

7. Natural Language Processing: With the help of AI algorithms computers are made capable of understanding and interacting with humans by processing their natural language.

8. Facial Recognition: AI is being used by many departments to remember the faces and thus recognizing them when needed.

9. Handwriting Recognizing: Numerous AI software is being designed to recognize the text written on a paper or on screen and make meaningful editable text out of it.

10. Manufacturing: AI is being integrated into the robots/machines that are used in the manufacturing process.

So these are all the applications of AI known to me till date. What are your thoughts about AI and its Applications in day-to-day life? What applications of AI do you guys come across daily? Do let us know in the comment section below.


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